BSE - Free Status
BSE Status – New Zealand and Australia
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs) are diseases caused by infectious agents known as prions. The animal diseases in the group include bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), chronic wasting disease in deer (CWD) and scrapie in sheep. The human disease in this group is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). New Zealand has never had BSE or CWD and has been free of scrapie since 1954. Australia has never had BSE or CWD and has been free of scrapie since 1952.
Biomaterials - Geographic Sourcing
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) sets the criteria for assessment of the status of countries or regions according to their BSE risk. This replaces the GBR system established in 2000 by the European Commission Scientific Steering Committee.The OIE updates the BSErisk status of member countries regularly.
OIE:Geographic distribution of countries that reported at least one BSE confirmed case since 1998.
New Zealand and Australia have been recognised by the OIE as a negligible BSE risks countries, this is the highest possible ranking. New Zealand and Australia enjoyed this same stature of ranking under the previous GBR system. The EU indicates that animal tissue to be used in medical devices should be sourced from countries with the lowest possible BSE risk; that is negligible risk countries (EC 2011/C 73/01). The United States is a member country of the OIE and the US Department of Agriculture publishes permitted and authorised source countries (published by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - APHIS). Bovines in New Zealand and Australia are considered low risk herds, as defined in ISO: 22442 Medical Devices utilising animal tissues and their Derivatives Part 2 Controls on Sourcing, Collection and Handling.